What is a Habitat?
A habitat is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species of animal, plant, or other type of organism. The term typically refers to the zone in which the organism lives and where it can find food, shelter, protection and mates for reproduction. It is the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds a species population.
A habitat is made up of physical factors such as soil, moisture, range of temperature, and light intensity as well as biotic factors such as the availability of food and the presence or absence of predators. Every organism has certain habitat needs for the conditions in which it will thrive, but some are tolerant of wide variations while others are very specific in their requirements. A habitat is not necessarily a geographical area, it can be the interior of a stem, a rotten log, a rock or a clump of moss, and for a parasitic organism it is the body of its host, part of the host's body such as the digestive tract, or a single cell within the host's body.
Habitat types include polar, temperate, subtropical and tropical. The terrestrial vegetation type may be forest, steppe, grassland, semi-arid or desert. Fresh water habitats include marshes, streams, rivers, lakes, ponds and estuaries, and marine habitats include salt marshes, the coast, the intertidal zone, reefs, bays, the open sea, the sea bed, deep water and submarine vents.
Habitats change over time. This may be due to a violent event such as the eruption of a volcano, an earthquake, a tsunami, a wildfire or a change in oceanic currents; or the change may be more gradual over millennia with alterations in the climate, as ice sheets and glaciers advance and retreat, and as different weather patterns bring changes of precipitation and solar radiation. Other changes come as a direct result of human activities; deforestation, the ploughing of ancient grasslands, the diversion and damming of rivers, the draining of marshland and the dredging of the seabed. The introduction of alien species can have a devastating effect on native wildlife, through increased predation, through competition for resources or through the introduction of pests and diseases to which the native species have no immunity. ( Source : Wikipedia)
Also See ....https://www.sciencedaily.com/
Read More about our immediate Habitat ...http://www.habitattimes.com/
NATA Sample Questions
Innovation For Survival Of Urban Areas
As more and more of the rural population moves into the urban areas in search of livelihood and shelter, the urban areas are loosing their green cover to provide for housing for the incoming crowd. If this destruction of green areas is not curbed or alternate ways not devised , it can lead to acute health problems and quality of life can become very poor. To overcome this problem , cities need to innovate ways and means.
- 1.a plan or drawing produced to show the look and function or workings of a building, garment, or other object before it is made."he has just unveiled his design for the new museum"
the art or action of conceiving of and producing a plan or drawing of something before it is made."good design can help the reader understand complicated information"
- the arrangement of the features of an artefact, as produced from following a plan or drawing."inside, the design reverts to turn-of-the-century luxe"
- 3.purpose or planning that exists behind an action, fact, or object."the appearance of design in the universe"
- 1.decide upon the look and functioning of (a building, garment, or other object), by making a detailed drawing of it."a number of architectural students were designing a factory"
Tips for UCEED Exam
What is Design ?
It is a method of problem-solving strategy wherein the data collected is expressed visually in order to create new strategies, ways and methods to solve problems, create opportunities or strengthen weaknesses.
So, when you are going to learn 'TO DESIGN' in a college , the examiners will look for the following skills in you-
1. Power Of Observation
2. Power Of Visualisation
3. Power of Self Expression
4. Innovative Mind
5. Sustainabilty of Design Ideas
6. Logical Reasoning Ability
The Design exams are so formulated to check the above skills in an aspiring Designer. This is true for any Design Entrance Exam all over the world. If you are not a 'keen observer of details' you will not be a successful Designer.So, develop the 'Art Of Observation' from today and learn to visualize innovative ideas and express them on paper.
Architecture Aptitude Test IIT
Architecture Aptitude Test for B. Arch. Program
Registration for AAT SUN, 12-06-2016, 10 AM to
MON, 13-06-2016, 05 PM
Architecture Aptitude Test WED, 15-06-2016, 09:00-12:00 IST
Declaration of results of AAT SUN, 19-06-2016
Candidates desirous of joining the B. Arch. (Architecture) courses will have to PASS in the Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT). Only those candidates who have qualified in JEE (Advanced) 2016 are eligible to appear in AAT in 2016.
For Architecture Aptitude Test Syllabus Click here > B.ARCH INFO FOR IIT
Candidates who are desirous of opting for the B. Arch. program available at IIT Kharagpur and IIT Roorkee (as one of the choices while filling-in their choices during joint seat allotment) must appear in AAT.
Candidates must register online at the JEE (Advanced) 2016 online portal for AAT.
AAT will be conducted only at the seven Zonal IITs.
The test will consist of one paper of three hours duration.
The question paper for the aptitude test will be available only in English language.
No separate admit card will be issued for AAT. The original admit card of JEE (Advanced) 2016 should be produced in the AAT examination hall.
Candidates should bring their own drawing and colouring aids.
The Joint Implementation Committee of JEE (Advanced) 2016 will decide the cut-off marks for passing AAT.
Results of AAT will be declared on the JEE (Advanced) 2016 online portal.
Candidates securing marks above the cut-off will be declared as 'passing' the test. There is no separate ranking in the AAT. There is no separate cut-off for students of any category.
Allotment of seat will be solely based on the category-wise All India Rank in the JEE (Advanced) 2016.
Also Check- http://www.jeeadv.ac.in/scr/AAT.php
HERITAGE WALK; MEHRAULI ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK
The Walk covers (1) the Mehrauli Archeological park & (2) The Qutub . The cost for this combination is Rs 700/- per person, to be paid on site.Please bring your caps and goggles and a bottle of water as the weather is getting sunnier now.Camera is definitely a must.
This park is popularly known as Jamali Kamali, and is unique in being dotted with ruins from early medieval times to the 19th century. Its main attractions include the mosque and tomb of Jamali, a stepwell and residence of a British official.
Explore and Enjoy............
(There are 3 walks that one can take while at Mehrauli :
1.The walk through Jamali Kamali Park
2. The Qutub
3. The walk through the market to Jahaz mahal, Hauz-e-Shamsi, Zafar Mahal and Jharna.
The 3 walks can be taken separately or as a combination.)
Fees : Rs 400/- per person per Walk ; For Combination walks Rs 700/- for 2 walks & Rs 900/- for 3 walks
Call 9818541252 for details.
Popularly known as Jamali Kamali, this Park is unique in being dotted with ruins from early medieval times to the 19th century. Its main attractions include the mosque and tomb of Jamali, a stepwell and residence of a British official.
Meeting point : entrance to Mehrauli Archaeological Park on Mehrauli Gurgaon Road. There is no signage which names the Park. You will see a vertical signboard which says ‘Delhi Development Authority, Rules & Regulations’ outside a gate. That gate is the entry to the Park & our meeting point.
Distance : less than 2 kms
Duration : about 2 hours
Date : see calendar of events
Time : can be explored anytime between sunrise and sunset.
Who can come : All are welcome. But, the terrain is rocky and some monuments are accessible only by steep steps. Might be uncomfortable for those who have difficulty walking
What to wear and carry :
• Walking shoes
• Lots of drinking water
• Covering for head for protection from the sun
How to get there :
• Metro: The nearest metro station is ‘Qutub Minar’ on yellow line. Exit from metro station and walk to your right, towards Delhi. The entrance to the Mehrauli A. Park is about 500 mts from the metro station & on your left.
• Auto/Car : If approaching from Aurobindo Marg or Mehrauli Badarpur Road, then the Park will be on your right, about 150 mts from Lado Sarai T-point/traffic light. You will need to take a u-turn to reach the entrance. If approaching from Gurgaon or Andheria More, the Park will be on your left, about 500 mts from Qutub Metro station.
• Bus: Buses going towards Lado Sarai will drop you at Ahimsa Sthal (a public park with a large statue of Mahavir high up on the rocks). Walk for about 150 mts towards Gurgaon, along the Mehrauli-Gurgaon road. The entry to the Park will be on your right.
Parking : available within the Mehrauli Archaeological Park
Creative Summer Classes in Chittaranjan Park, New Delhi
Summer Vacation Batch
Junior Group A
Junior Group B
Senior Group : All are invited to join our course
Dates: May 18 - June 12
Days : Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday.
Timings: 10:00am to 1:00pm
1. Creative Writing
2. Sketching & Colouring
Photography, Meditation & Mind mapping for improving Brain Power is included with both courses.
1.How is art connected to life skills?
- Through art, we learn to value our uniqueness, appreciate our individuality and express ourselves.
- Art develops critical life skills in a fun-filled, unobtrusive environment.
3.Why We Photograph..
Perhaps there is a deeper psychological explanation. Our time on this earth only lasts for so long, and a camera allows us to preserve memories far past when they might have slipped our mind. It helps us pass those memories into the hands of future generations. Our photos are little legacies of the life we have led – our travels, experiences, food, family, friends, work relationships and more. Each photo is a window into a moment, and the collections of images we take over the years are a window into who we were and what we valued. Ultimately it comes down to a simple truth – seeing that moment captured makes us genuinely happy-( Matt Dutile)
4. Meditation For a Greater Creativity
5. Mental Mapping for More Brain Power.
Power Packed Summer for the Creative & Not So Creative Beings :)
SAVE THE TREES ; SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT
SAVE THE TREES; SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT
Reasons Living Trees Are Valuable
The trees around us are extremely important and have always been necessary for improving the human condition - both during its life and after harvest. It is not a stretch to believe that without trees we humans would not exist on this beautiful planet.
At the very beginning of our human experience, trees were considered sacred and honorable: oaks were worshiped by the European Druids, redwoods a part of American Indian ritual, baobabs a part of African tribal life, to the Chinese the ginkgo link and monkey puzzles to the Chilean Pehuenche. Romans and scholars during the Middle Ages venerated trees in their literature.
1. Trees Produce Oxygen
Let's face it, we could not exist as we do if there were no trees. A mature leafy tree produces as much oxygen in a season as 10 people inhale in a year. What many people don't realize is the forest also acts as a giant filter that cleans the air we breath.
2. Trees Clean the Soil
The term phytoremediation is a fancy word for the absorption of dangerous chemicals and other pollutants that have entered the soil. Trees can either store harmful pollutants or actually change the pollutant into less harmful forms. Trees filter sewage and farm chemicals, reduce the effects of animal wastes, clean roadside spills and clean water runoff into streams.
3. Trees Control Noise Pollution
Trees muffle urban noise almost as effectively as stone walls. Trees, planted at strategic points in a neighborhood or around your house, can abate major noises from freeways and airports.
4. Trees Slow Storm Water Runoff
Trees reduce runoff by breaking rainfall thus allowing the water to flow down the trunk and into the earth below the tree. This prevents stormwater from carrying pollutants to the ocean. When mulched, trees act like a sponge that filters this water naturally and uses it to recharge groundwater supplies.
5. Trees Are Carbon Sinks
To produce its food, a tree absorbs and locks away carbon dioxide in the wood, roots and leaves. Carbon dioxide is a global warming suspect. A forest is a carbon storage area or a "sink" that can lock up as much carbon as it produces. This locking-up process "stores" carbon as wood and not as an available "greenhouse" gas.
6. Trees Clean the Air
Trees help cleanse the air by intercepting airborne particles, reducing heat, and absorbing such pollutants as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide. Trees remove this air pollution by lowering air temperature, through respiration, and by retaining particulates.
7. Trees Shade and Cool
Shade resulting in cooling is what a tree is best known for. Shade from trees reduces the need for air conditioning in summer. In winter, trees break the force of winter winds, lowering heating costs. Studies have shown that parts of cities without cooling shade from trees can literally be "heat islands" with temperatures as much as 12 degrees Fahrenheit higher than surrounding areas.
8. Trees Act as Windbreaks
During windy and cold seasons, trees located on the windward side act as windbreaks. A windbreak can lower home heating bills up to 30% and have a significant effect on reducing snow drifts. A reduction in wind can also reduce the drying effect on soil and vegetation behind the windbreak and help keep precious topsoil in place.
9. Trees Fight Soil Erosion
Erosion control has always started with tree and grass planting projects. Tree roots bind the soil and their leaves break the force of wind and rain on soil. Trees fight soil erosion, conserve rainwater and reduce water runoff and sediment deposit after storms.
10. Trees combat the climate change
Excess carbon dioxide (CO2) caused by many factors is a building up in our atmosphere and contributing to climate change. Trees absorb CO2, removing and storing the carbon while releasing the oxygen back into the air. In one year, an acre of mature trees absorbs the amount of CO2 produced when you drive your car 26,000 miles.
11. Trees shield children from ultra-violet rays
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. Trees reduce UV-B exposure by about 50 percent, thus providing protection to children on school campuses and playgrounds - where children spend hours outdoors.
12. Trees provide food & wood
An apple tree can yield up to 15-20 bushels of fruit per year and can be planted on the tiniest urban lot. Aside from fruit for humans, trees provide food for birds and wildlife.
Other trees also provide wood in time of need for humans.